This project aims to fill critical gaps in knowledge about how Islam influences Cancer screening behaviors and provides a model for how to partner with mosque communities to conduct a culturally-tailored mammography promoting program. It is a collaboration between the Initiative on Islam and Medicine at the University of Chicago and the Council of Islamic Organizations of Greater Chicago with support from the American Cancer Society.
Why American Muslims?
- There are ~5-7 million Muslims in the US
- They are ethnically/racially diverse: 20-24% African Americans, 18-26% South Asians, 24-26% Arab
Religion impacts their healthcare decisions
- Provides framework for understanding disease and means for its removal
- Ethico-legal guidelines inform healthcare choices
- Religious Identity/Religiosity increases exposure to discrimination
- Breast cancer is the second leading cause of cancer death among American women, and screening mammography is a proven method to reduce mortality from this cancer
- In 2015 while 65.3% of U.S. women above 40 had a mammogram, lower rates were observed among racial and ethnic minorities
Muslim women have low rates of mammography
Community surveys reveal:
- 37% of women (n=254) in the Chicago area had not obtained a mammogram in the last 2 years
- 42% of Arab women (n=365) from Detroit reported not having a mammogram every 1-2 years
- Community surveys reveal:
What is the Challenge?
Phase 1-Community Surveys
Phase 2-Mosque-based Focus Groups
Phase 3-Key Informant Interviews